Friday, 16 September 2016

Pathanamthitta

Pathanamthitta is a town and a municipality situated in the Central Travancore region in the state of Kerala, south India, spread over an area of 23.50 km2the town is known as the 'Pilgrim Capital of Kerala'
The town has a population of 37,538. The Hindu pilgrim centre Sabarimala is situated in the Pathanamthitta district; as the main transport hub to Sabarimala,
Pathanamthitta. District, the thirteenth revenue district of the State of Kerala. 

It was formed with effect from the 1st November, 1982 vide G.O. (M.S) No.1026/82/RD dated 29 October 1982, with headquarters at Pathanamthitta. 
Forest covers more than half (1396.95 km2.) of the total area of the District. Pathanamthitta District ranks the 7th in area (2652 sq. km.) in the State.

The name Pathanamthitta is derived from two Malayalam words “Pathanam” and “thitta”, which together mean "array of ten "family" houses by the riverside".

It is the pilgrim center of Kerala, renowned for the shrine of Lord Ayappa in the Sabari Hills, drawing millions of devotees from near and far off places. The district also is known as a center for experiencing and learning some of the cultural as well as traditional practices of Kerala. Kollam, Kottayam and Alappuzha form the adjoining districts of Pathanamthitta.

The district is frequented by visitors from India and abroad often for its water fiestas, religious shrines and the cultural training centre.


1Area1475.69 Sq.Km
2Taluks5
3Blocks9
4Panchayat54
5Revenue Village68
6Muncipalities3
7CorporationsNil










LIST OF TALUKS AND VILLAGES
1ADOOR
1Enadimangalam
2Erathu
3Pallickal
4Ezhamkulam
5Kalanjoor
6Kodumon
7Kadampanad
8Pandalam
9Pandalam-Thekkekkara
10Koodal
11Kurambala
12Adoor
13Angadickal
14Enathu
15Peringanad

3RANNI
1Ranni-Angadi
2Chittar
3Ranni-Pazhavangadi
4Ranni-Perunad
5Ayroor
6Kollamula
7Vadasserikkara
8Athikayam
9Ranny
10Chethackal
11Cherukole

5
THIRUVALLA
1Kuttappuzha
2Eraviperoor
3Kaviyoor
4Koipuram
5Thiruvalla
6Thottapuzhasserry
7Kadapra
8Kuttoor
9Nedumpuram
10Niranam
11Peringara
12Kavumbhagam
2KOZHENCHERRY
1Chennerkkara
2Kidangannoor
3Elanthoor
4Kozhencherry
5Mallappuzhasserry
6Naranganam
7Omalloor
8Aruvappulam
9Konni
10Malayalappuzha
11Mylapra
12Pramadom
13Thannithode
14Vallicode
15Aranmula
16Kulanada
17Mezhuveli
18Iravon
19Konni-thazhom
20V Kottayam
21Pathanamthitta

4
MALLAPPALLY
1Anicadu
2Kallooppara
3Ezhumattoor
4Perumpetty
5Kottangal
6Kunnamthanam
7Mallappally
8Puramattom
9Thelliyoor


REVENUE:
Pathanamthitta district covers two Revenue Divisions, viz . Thiruvalla andAdoor . The district includes 5 Taluks viz., Ranni, Kozhencherry, Adoor, Thiruvalla and Mallappally. There are Sixty Eight Villages in the district. The headquarters of District Panchayat is at Pathanamthitta. There are Nine Blocks viz.,Parakode, Pandalam, Kulanada, Elanthoor, Konni, Mallappally, Ranni, Koipuram and Pulikkeezhu and Fifty Four Grama Panchayats in the district. Adoor, Thiruvalla and Pathanamthitta are municipalities.

Coordinates: 9°15′53″N 76°47′14″E
Country India
StateKerala
DistrictPathanamthitta
Founded byK K Nair
Government
 • CollectorS Harikishore IAS
Area
 • Total23.50 km2 (9.07 sq mi)
Elevation31 m (102 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total37,538
 • Density1,600/km2 (4,100/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialMalayalam,
Time zoneIST (UTC+5:30)
PIN689645
Telephone code0468
Vehicle registrationKL – 03

Climate data for Pathanamthitta, Kerala
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)31.0
(87.8)
31.8
(89.2)
32.9
(91.2)
33.0
(91.4)
32.5
(90.5)
30.5
(86.9)
29.8
(85.6)
29.9
(85.8)
30.4
(86.7)
30.3
(86.5)
30.0
(86)
30.4
(86.7)
31.04
(87.86)
Average low °C (°F)22.4
(72.3)
23.2
(73.8)
24.6
(76.3)
25.5
(77.9)
25.4
(77.7)
24.3
(75.7)
23.8
(74.8)
23.8
(74.8)
24.0
(75.2)
23.9
(75)
23.6
(74.5)
22.6
(72.7)
23.93
(75.06)
Average precipitationmm (inches)20
(0.79)
36
(1.42)
66
(2.6)
160
(6.3)
264
(10.39)
476
(18.74)
446
(17.56)
306
(12.05)
241
(9.49)
318
(12.52)
214
(8.43)
57
(2.24)
2,604
(102.53)
Source: Climate-Data.org[5]

Transportation

Nearest Airports:-
Thiruvananthapuram International Airport (113 km),
Cochin International Airport, at NedumbasseryKochi (142 km)
Perunad Heliport (Sabarimala helipad) is situated in Kuttikayam estate, Mampara road. 
Nearest Railway Stations:-
Tiruvalla railway station (Code: TRVL) (30 km)
Chengannur railway station (Code: CNGR) (24 km)
Kollam Junction Railway Station (Code: QLN) is 62 km

Educational institutions

  • College of Applied Science, Pathanamthitta
  • College of Applied Sciences (I.H.R.D), Adoor
  • B.A.M. College, Pamba
  • Catholicate College, Pathanamthitta
  • Devaswom Board College, Parumala
  • Marthoma College, Pathanamthitta
  • N.S.S. College, Pandalam
  • Sahodaran Ayyappan Smaraka. *(S.N.D.P) Yogam College, Konni
  • St. Cyrils College, Pathanamthitta
  • St. Thomas College, Thuruthicaud
  • Mannam Ayurved Medical College, pandalam
  • Caarmel Engineering College, Perunad
  • College of Engineering, Kallooppara
  • College of Engineering, Pathananthitta
  • Mount Zion College of Engineering, Pathanmthitta
  • Musliar College of Engineering and Technology, Kumbazha
  • Sree Buddha College of Engineering for Women Pathanamthitta
  • Pushpagiri Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Pathanamthitta
  • College of Nursing, Pathanamthitta
  • Archana College of Nursing, Pandalam
  • M.G.M. Muthoot College of Nursing, Kallarakadavu, Pathanamthitta
  • Pushpagiri College of Nursing, Pathanamthitta
  • K.V.V.S. Institute of Technology, Adoor
  • Mar Athanasios College for Advanced Studies, Tiruvalla
  • Mar Athanasius College of Advanced Studies, Pathanamthitta
  • St. John's College Thorrupram, Pathanamthitta

Places of Interest

Pathanamthitta Town
Pathanamthitta is the head quarters of Pathanamthitta district . The district was formed on Ist November 1982. It was carved out of Idukki, Alappuzha and Kollam districts.The district is close to the western Ghats and is endowed with scenic landscape comprising
of low undulating hills, extensive stretches of lush forests, rivers and charming countryside. It is also known for exuberant fairs and festivals. Pathanamthitta district is known as the 'Headquarters of Pilgrimage Tourism', of the State.
Pathanamthitta has an important place in erstwhile Travancore state the biggest taluk in the old Travancore state was Pathanamthitta and the revenue collection from this taluk played a prominent role in filling the coffers of the state.The district headquarters is noted for communal and cultural harmony. There are numerous churches, temples and mosques built in close proximity. The Chandanakudam festival at the mosque in the centre of the town is quite famous. Situated near the Western Ghats and bordered by the hills, Pathanamthitta district is a treat to eyes with its vast unending stretches of forests, rivers and rural landscapes. Blessed by nature, the district is famous for its scenic beauty, fairs and festivals. 
Sabarimala

Sabarimala is situated 72 km from Pathanamthitta town, 191 km from Thiruvananthapuram and 210 km from Kochi. It is the 'Sacred Abode of Lord Ayyappa' and one of the most important Hindu pilgrim centre in the country.The traditional route to Sabarimala is from Erumeli (40 km.). Other routes are from Vandiperiyar, Uppupara and Chalakkayam via Plappally. These routes are famous for these scenic splendour and mythological value.Sabarimala
The holy shrine is located amidst dense forests in the rugged terrains of Western Ghats. Inhabited by various wildlife species. Millions of pilgrims from all over the Country assemble here during the most arduous festivals called as 'Vishu Vilakku' in April,'Mandalapooja', in the months of Vrichikam Dhanu (Nov. - Dec) and 'Makaravilakku' in mid January, coinciding with Sankramam.
Aranmula

Aranmula is a little temple town in Pathanamthitta District, surrounded by undulating green hillocks and girdled by the holy river Pampa. The temple here is dedicated to Lord Krishna.Aranmula is also famous for its metal mirrors made of bell meta which is known as 'Aranmula Kannadi'.This is a unique art which is not found any where else in the world . It is believed that a divine visitation inspired a window of this village to discover a mysterious blend of bronze which could be waxed bright in to crystal clear mirror.
The town is also famous for the Aranmula Vallamkali (Boat Race), which is held on the annual commemoration of the week long Onam festival. The exciting event begins in the afternoon, each snake boat is thirty feet long containing four helmsman, hundred rowers and twenty five singers.
Vasthuvidya Gurukulam is a unique institution for ancient Indian architecture and mural paintings. It is a school constituted by the state Cultural Department is situated at Aranmula, 16 km away from Pathanamthitta town. The main objective of the gurukulam is the preservation and promotion of vasthuvidya and mural paintings.
Cherukolpuzha
Ayiroor Cherukolpuzha religious convention of the Hindus is held at Cherukolpuzha on the banks of River Pamba, usually in Feb every year. This famous convention is attended by a large number of people and addressed by prominent religious scholars and cultural personalities.
Kadamanitta

The Kadamanitta Devi Temple is famous for the ten day long Padayaniperformances held in connection with the annual festival in April/May. The temple is situated about 8km away from Pathanamthitta town.
Kodumon Chilanthiyambalam
Kodumon is also the birth place of Sree Shakthi Bhadra, author of Ascharya Chudamani.The water of the Chilanthikinar (well) in the premises of this temple is believed to cure skin diseases. It is 15 km from pathanamthitta town.The Mahalakshmi of this temple is worshipped by all people irrespective of caste and creed.
Konni
A hill town, Konni is famous for timber trade and wild elephant training centre.This is a charming town with lush meadows and hills stands on the bank of river Achakovil. It is surrounded by clove and pepper plantations. Elephants trapped from the forest area are also tamed here.
Kozhencherry
It lies 13 km. from Pathanamthitta, on the left bank of river Pamba and is a trading centre and flourishing market for agricultural goods.
Maramon :
Situated near Kozhencherry, Maramon is the venue of a mammoth religious convention of Christians from all over the world. It is attended by people from all communities. The convention which is usually held in February is addressed by religious thinkers and Christian scholars from across the world.
Manjanikara

Mar Ignatius Elias III, the holy patriot of Anthiod while on a visit to India, died at this place in 1932. His mortal remains are preserved at Manjinikkara church. Later this place developed into a pilgrim centre. The annual festival (ormaperunnal) is held in February.
Mannadi
It is situated 13 km from Adoor. This is where Veluthampi Dalawa, the renowned freedom fighter of Travancore, spent his last days. The ancient Bhagavathy Temple here has some exquisite stone sculptures. The annual festival is held in February/March. The Kerala Institute of Folklore and Folk Arts functions here.
Muloor Smarakam
12 km from Pathanamthitta town, the memorial to Muloor S.Padmanabha Panicker(1869-1931), a renowned social reformer and poet, is located at Elavumthitta. His home at Elavumthitta is preserved as his monument by the Department of Culture of the State Government.
Pamba
This is the main halting point on the way to Sabarimala. It is also known as Thriveni Sangamam - the meeting point of three rivers. 
Parumala
Parumala (10 km from Thiruvalla): The Ormaperunnal (commemoration day) of Mar Gregorios Metropolitan, the declared saint of Malankara Orthodox Church, is celebrated on the 1st and 2nd of November.
Pandalam
Sree Ayyappa, the presiding deity of Sabarimala had his human sojourn here as the son of the Raja of Pandalam. As a holy town, Pandalam is perhaps second only to Sabarimala. The Valiyakoikal Temple near the palace on the banks of river Achenkovil has been modelled on the Sabarimala shrine. Pilgrims usually stop here to worship before proceeding to Sabarimala. Three days prior to the Makaravilaku festival, the sacred ornaments of Sree Ayyappa are taken in a procession from Pandalam to Sabarimala.
Perunthenaruvi Water falls
The spectacular waterfalls pludge down into a ravine from a rocky height of 60 - 100 ft. It is accessible by bus from Kollam.
Thiruvalla
The headquarters of the Malankara Marthoma Syrian Church.The Sree Vallabha temple in Thiruvalla is perhaps the only one in Kerala where Kathakali is performed as a ritual offering everyday.
Niranam : It is famous for the oldest church, believed to have been built by Saint Thomas the Apostle in 52 AD. The Paliakara Church here has some exquisite mural paintings.
Kaviyoor :
The Kaviyoor Mahadeva temple, which was constructed in the early years of the 10th century, is one of the oldest of the Mahadeva temples in Kerala. References are there in the Kaviyoor Shasanas of 950 A.D. about the gifts that were offered to this temple. But it is believed that the 'Darusilpas' seen around the temple belong to the 17th century.

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